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Caleffi, M.; Mariani, P.; Bertoni, G.; Paolicelli, G.; Pasquali, L.; Agresti, A.; Pescetelli, S.; Carlo, A. D.; De Renzi, V.; D'addato, S., (2021)  - Ag/mgo nanoparticles via gas aggregation nanocluster source for perovskite solar cell engineering  - MATERIALS, Articolo su rivista - Articolo in rivista (262) (, , ) - pagg. 5507 - 5526

Abstract: Nanocluster aggregation sources based on magnetron-sputtering represent precise and versatile means to deposit a controlled quantity of metal nanoparticles at selected interfaces. In this work, we exploit this methodology to produce Ag/MgO nanoparticles (NPs) and deposit them on a glass/FTO/TiO2 substrate, which constitutes the mesoscopic front electrode of a monolithic perovskite-based solar cell (PSC). Herein, the Ag NP growth through magnetron sputtering and gas aggregation, subsequently covered with MgO ultrathin layers, is fully characterized in terms of structural and morphological properties while thermal stability and endurance against air-induced oxidation are demonstrated in accordance with PSC manufacturing processes. Finally, once the NP coverage is optimized, the Ag/MgO engineered PSCs demonstrate an overall increase of 5% in terms of device power conversion efficiencies (up to 17.8%).